Whether you accept it or not, gums play a paramount role in beautifying our smile and the overall appearance. It’s the second thing people notice after the smile, so black gums can put people off in ways more than you can think. It even hampers our self-esteem in the long run. Just imagine you’re smiling your heart out and someone points out about your black gums. This can have a disastrous effect on your confidence. But we have good news for you. Black gums can easily be treated by following simple tips and remedies. In this article, we’ll discuss how to get rid of black gums or dark gums and get pink gums using home remedies and treatments. So stay tuned.
Causes Of Black Gums:
There are countless factors that can lead to black gums. Some of the common causes of black gums include:
- Smoking And Tobacco:
You must have noticed that people who smoke excessively often have black gums. That’s because cigarettes have tobacco, a substance which leads to the darkening of the gums.
Stress causes several health conditions, and even gums are not spared by it. People who are prone to stress and anxiety experience hormonal changes that result in black gums.
Certain drugs and medications can also cause black gums. These include anti-depressants and medicines used to treat malaria. If you’re notice gum blackness after taking a particular or new medicine, consult your doctor immediately. He will prescribe you other alternatives.
- Poor Oral Hygiene:
Poor oral hygiene also contributes to black or dark gums. Lack of proper brushing causes accumulation of food particles between the teeth, which serve as breeding grounds for bacteria. These bacteria lead to a dental condition called gingivitis, which causes darkening of the gums.
- Heredity Or Genetics:
People belonging to a particular race or region are born with black gums or develop black gums over time. It’s extremely common in African races because of excessive melanin production.
- Improper or Imbalanced Nutrition:
Proper diet is a prerequisite for a healthy and strong immune system. Lack of antioxidants and nutrients in the diet can wreak havoc on our immune system, giving rise to bacteria in the body. These bacteria can cause several diseases, which ultimately lead to black gums.
- Dental Treatments:
Implantation of silver amalgam to restore extracted gum tissue can also lead to gray gums. Apart from that, filling and dentures can also blacken the gums because of the prosthetics used for the treatments. These types of black gums are called amalgam tattoos.
- Periodontal Disease:
Apart from all the causes mentioned above, acute necrotizing periodontal disease, can also lead to black gums. This disease accumulates dead tissue or necrosis on the gums, leading to black gums. The symptoms of acute necrotizing periodontal disease include strong teeth or gum pain, bleeding gums and foul smell from the mouth. If left untreated, acute necrotizing periodontal disease can spread to the cartilage and then bones, leading to serious health problems. The first stage of necrotizing periodontal disease can be treated with antibiotics, but acute periodontal disease has to be treated surgically by removing the dead tissue from the gums.
Apart from acute necrotizing periodontal disease, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or ‘trench mouth’ can also lead to black gums by creating a gray film on the gums. This condition is generally caused due to poor dental hygiene, and is rarely seen today.
- Addison’s Disease:
Addison’s disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, hypoadrenalism or hypoaldosteronism is also one of the reasons behind black gums. This health condition is caused due to a deficiency of Aldosterone, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland, which elevates ACTH or adrenocorticotrophic hormone levels in the body. Excess levels of ACTH in the body cause hyperpigmentation in several regions of the body, including gums.
- Peutz Jeghers Syndrome:
Peutz Jeghers Syndrome, better known as PJS is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, which can lead to the development of macules on the lips, blackness of the gums and benign polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. This health condition is pretty rare and is inherited hereditarily or genetically.
- Von Recklinghausen Disease:
Von Recklinghausen disease, better known as Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a disease characterized by black and brown spots all over the body, including gums. It is caused due to the mutation of a gene residing in chromosome 17, which produced a protein named neurofibromin in the body. This protein is need for proper functioning of human cells, especially brain cells.
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Black Gums And Get Pink Gums Naturally:
If black gums are caused due to smoking or bacteria built up, then home remedies can easily help you get rid of it. Below we’ve jotted down some of the most effective home remedies to whiten gums naturally.
- Green Tea:
Green tea, fondly known as the ‘elixir of healthcare’, can be of immense help in giving you pink gums at home. Being rich in various types of antioxidants, green tea does not just help reduce the darkness of the gum, but also destroys the bacteria thriving in the mouth. To treat black gums with green tea, you just need to drink pure green tea twice a day.
- Sesame Oil:
Sesame oil is highly effective in removing toxic substances which cause black gums around the tooth. They even lessen the plaque buildup, thereby reducing gum darkness. Warm ¼ cup of sesame oil and squish your mouth with it. The oil will act as a protective coating, thereby preventing teeth and gum from decay.
- Aloe Vera:
Aloe vera, renowned for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties can also help lighten the gums. Apply aloe vera gel liberally on the teeth after brushing. This will recede of the gums and will heal the infections that cause black gums.
- Coconut Oil:
Coconut oil, by the power of its antimicrobial qualities, can help you get rid of black gums from smoking. Squish your mouth with warm coconut oil after brushing your teeth. It will protect the teeth and gums from diseases caused due to bacteria. It will also help get rid of the food particles stuck between the teeth.
Salt has been used since time immemorial to whiten the teeth and treat the gum diseases naturally. It doesn’t just treat the existing gum diseases, but also keep all the future gum diseases at bay. You can either rub your teeth or gums with half a teaspoon of salt after brushing or mix a few drops of mustard oil to salt and rub your gums with it.
- Tea Tree Oil:
Tea tree oil is very effective for black gums, receding gums, and root damage. And its anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties also kill the germs that cause plaque on the teeth. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to water and squish your mouth with it after brushing, just like mouthwash. Do not use undiluted tea tree oil as it’s very strong.
Cloves, by the power of their antimicrobial properties effectively destroy viruses, bacteria, and fungi that cause black gums. All you need to do is massage your gums with clove oil for 10 minutes once daily. It will make your gums pink and healthy.
Curcumin in turmeric has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that kill bacteria causing gingivitis. Make a paste using one tablespoon of turmeric powder and some water. Massage your teeth with the paste for ten minutes and rinse your mouth thoroughly. You will get pink and healthy gums in no time.
Myrrh, a type of resin extracted from the trees is known to stop gum recession and keep them healthy and pink. It also prevents root damage, which happens due to excess consumption of sweets and aging. Grind myrrh until you get a fine powder like texture and rub your gums and teeth with it. Alternatively, you can mix a few drops of myrrh essential oil with water and use it as mouthwash after brushing your teeth.
- Yarrow Flowers:
Yarrow flowers are also extremely efficient for treating black gums and making the teeth and gum strong. All you need to do is make a paste of a few yarrow flowers and massage your teeth and gum with it. It won’t just alleviate the darkness of the gums, but will even make the gums pink.
Treatments To Get Rid Of Black Gums And Get Pink Gums:
Surgery is one of the most efficient and simple methods to remove the blackness of the gums. In this treatment, the outer layer of the gum epithelium is removed, which reveals a new epithelium devoid of pigmentation. You will see a positive outcome within two days. Also, the surgery can be repeated if the gum becomes dark again.
- Gum Bleaching:
Another effective treatment to treat black gums is gum bleaching. It’s quick and painless and is done in just an hour. Also, the result is permanent, as in the melanin causing dark gums do not come back. The gum bleaching is done with lasers, and its depth depends on the extent of discoloration. In case of extreme discoloration, a minor surgery may be required.
Tip To Get Rid Of Black Gums And Get Pink Gums:
Now that we’ve discussed all the possible causes, treatments and home remedies for black gums, it’s time to tell you how you can prevent getting black gums in the first place. So stay tuned.
- Quit Smoking:
To get rid dark gums from smoking, you need to quit smoking first. Along with cigarettes, you even need to quit tobacco, if you’re in the habit of having it.
- Follow A Proper Dental Hygiene:
Brush and floss at least twice daily and follow it with mouthwash. Brush your teeth twice a day in circular motions to remove the buildup and reside. You need to ensure that the brush reaches even the last teeth and of course the junction, where food particles accumulate, leading to bacterial growth.
And please do not brush too vigorously as it can lead to both enamel deterioration and receding gums. And following a proper flossing technique is equally important. Flossing effective removes all the food particles, which brushing can’t do alone. Apart from that you must even use a mouthwash to flush out all the remaining bacteria.
- Follow A Healthy Diet:
What you eat reflects on everything, including your gums. So ensure that you follow a diet that is rich in vitamins, mineral, and other necessary nutrients. Binge on foods rich in antioxidants like blueberries, oranges, cucumber, apples and green leafy vegetables as they are rich in vitamin C. And don’t forget dairy products. Milk and milk products are rich in calcium, a nutrient required for health teeth and vitamin.
Quit drinking alcohol and other carbonated beverages as they won’t just blacken the gums, but will also stain the teeth.
- Reduce Stress:
As mentioned above, stress is one of the causes of black gums. So you must adopt measures to reduce stress. Yoga and meditation work best when it comes to combating stress. Along with that, listening to music and traveling also helps.
- Visit Dentist For Regular Checkups:
Apart from all the tips and home remedies mentioned here, you need to visit your dentist regularly to ensure that your gums remain pink and healthy. The dentist will examine your teeth and gums to determine if there’s any underlying condition causing the black gums. He’ll also clean up the plaques, one the reasons behind black gums.
We hope these home remedies help you get rid of black gums and get pink gums naturally. If these methods do not whiten or lighten the gums, visit a dentist at the earliest. There could be an underlying medical condition, which you may not be aware of. Some of the possible health problems behind black gums include ulcerative gingivitis, malignant melanoma, HIV AIDS, dead tissues in the gum or any oral infections. These conditions are severe and require prompt medical attention.
Have you battled black or gray gums? What tips and home remedies would you suggest our readers to get rid of black gums and get pink gums? Share with us by commenting below!