A complete personality isn’t only about being well dressed, speaking fluent English and being fit. You have to take care of your dental health also. No matter how much you try to avoid, oral health is of paramount importance. If not taken care, it can lead to a number of gum diseases, especially gingivitis. So what is gingivitis and how can you get rid of gingivitis? We’ll talk about all this and more below. Keep reading.
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What Is Gingivitis And How Is It Caused?
Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums caused due to bacterial infection. The most common cause of gingivitis is bad oral hygiene. It happens when plaque, the sticky film composed of bacteria form on the teeth and irritate the gums and teeth. It can even turn into tartar, a harder substance, if not given attention. Apart from this, there are several other reasons behind gingivitis, like:
- Dry mouth
- Poor diet
- Broken fillings
- Crooked teeth
- Hormonal changes
- Excess consumption of tobacco and cigarette
- Certain medicines
Symptoms Of Gingivitis:
The symptoms of gingivitis include:
- Redness of gums
- Irritation of gums
- Swelling or puffiness of the gums
- Bad breath
- Bleeding, especially while flossing or brushing
- Tender gums
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Receding gums
Health Risks Associated With Gingivitis:
- Most of the people tend to take gingivitis, in fact, most of the dental issues lightly. But if left untreated, gingivitis could lead to severe tooth infection like periodontitis and tooth loss.
- As stated by National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, gingivitis is associated with lung disease, heart attack, and diabetes.
- In pregnant women, gingivitis can increase the risk of premature delivery.
Is Gingivitis Curable? What Are The Treatments For Gingivitis?
Yes, gingivitis is curable, and the first thing you need to reverse gingivitis is by eliminating tarter that irritates the gums. Your dentist will remove tartar from the gums and teeth by performing some treatments, which include:
Every dentist recommends a thorough cleaning of the teeth twice every year. The cleaning removes both tartar and plaque above and below the gum line to improve the dental health.
- Scaling And Root Planing:
Root planing and scaling, done with the help of a local anesthetic, are performed when the dentist needs to remove the tartar and plaque underneath the gum line. The dentist scrapes away the tartar and plaque and smoothes the rough spots.
- Surgical Options:
The advanced gingivitis, also known as periodontitis need to be treated with dental surgeries, which include:
a. Pocket Reduction And Flap Surgery:
This surgery involves reducing the space between teeth and gums by lifting up the flaps of the gum. It also removes tartar and plaque by putting the gums snugly against the tooth.
b. Soft Tissue Grafts:
In this treatment, the tissue is taken from the mouth roof and is then grafted to the gums to fill in the places where gums are thin.
c. Bone Graft:
Bone graft is a way of giving the old bone a new platform to help it grow itself. It’s performed with a synthetic, donated or own bone. The surgery then smoothens the crater and holes in the existing bone. It’s performed after the flap surgery.
d. Tissue Regeneration:
If the dentist determines that the bone supporting the teeth is eroded because of the gum disease, he will perform the tissue regeneration by installing a mesh-like fabric between the gum and bone tissue.
e. Oral Irrigation:
Oral irrigation is a treatment in which an oral irrigator is attached to a water source and the mouth and gum pockets are flooded with the jet of water. This flushes out all the bacteria and food particles from the mouth.
How To Prevent Gingivitis?
- Practice Good Oral Habits:
First and foremost, you need to practice good oral hygiene to prevent gingivitis. You must brush twice daily and floss regularly. You should also visit your dentist for regular check up. He will prescribe you with all the recommended health practices according to your needs.
- Using Tartar Special Toothpaste:
After the cleaning session with the dentist, you can keep the gums and teeth free from tartar by brushing twice daily with tartar special toothpaste. You also need to floss daily. An anti-microbial mouthwash would also prevent tartar buildup on the teeth and gums.
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Gingivitis:
If the gingivitis is at an early stage and has not turned into tartar, you can cure gingivitis at home itself. Below, we’ve listed the most efficient home remedies to get rid of gingivitis.
The antibacterial and antimicrobial properties of salt make it one of the most effective home remedies for gingivitis. It makes the mouth hostile to bacteria by changing the pH value. Besides, salt also helps to reduce the swelling of the gums, thereby soothing the mucous membranes of the mouth.
How To Use Salt To Get Rid Of Gingivitis?
- Mix ½ teaspoon of salt with 1 glass of lukewarm and wash your mouth with it 2 to 3 times a day.
- Make a paste using ½ teaspoon of salt and a few drops of mustard oil. Rub your gums gently with it. Next, wash your mouth with 1 cup of warm water. Repeat the method several times a day.
Oil pulling is an excellent cure not just for gingivitis, but for other mouth infections and teeth whitening as well. When performing oil pulling, all the fungi, viruses, bacteria, toxins and microbes are thrown away from the mouth. It will detoxify the body as well.
How To Do Oil Pulling To Get Rid Of Gingivitis?
- Take 1 to 2 tablespoons oil in the mouth and swish it around, ensuring that each and every corner of your mouth is in contact with the oil.
- Begin with keeping the oil for 1 to 2 minutes and then gradually extend the time. You should try to do oil pulling for 15 to 20 minutes at a go. And ensure that you do not swallow the oil.
- After you’ve done the oil pulling, spit out the oil and wash your mouth with warm water. Do this method every morning.
Turmeric has curcumin, which can reduce plaque, pain, inflammation and swelling in the gums. A study conducted by the Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology found that turmeric mouthwash can control plaque formation due to its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties.
How To Use Turmeric For Gingivitis?
- Make a paste of ½ teaspoon salt, 1 teaspoon turmeric powder and a few drops of mustard oil. Massage your gum, not teeth with it.
- Alternatively, you can mix ½ teaspoon of turmeric powder with vitamin E oil and water for a gum pack.
- Baking Soda:
Baking soda helps to neutralize the acidity in the mouth, thereby reducing the risk of gum disease and tooth decay.
How To Use Baking Soda For Gingivitis?
- Mix ¼ teaspoon of baking soda with lukewarm water to make a paste and massage your gums with it.
- Leave it for 2 minutes and then gargle with warm water.
The anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties can treat gingivitis, and vitamin c can fight off the infection.
How To Use Lemon Juice For Gingivitis?
- Mix the juice of one lemon in 1 glass of warm water and gargle with it as mouthwash after brushing your teeth.
- Mix 1 tablespoon of lemon juice with a bit of salt and apply on the gum. Leave it for a few minutes and rinse with warm water.
Gingivitis does not see age when it hits. It can happen to anyone, without the person even being aware of it. So you need to take care of your dental health from an early age and teach your child too.
What tips and remedies would you suggest to get rid of gingivitis? Tell us by commenting below!